Nouvelle tendance en publication scientifique : article rétracté et remplacé

Selon la directrice et éditrice en chef du Réseau JAMA (JAMA Network), Annette Flanagin, on verra de plus en plus de mentions précisant qu’un article a été rétracté et remplacé.

Le blogueur Ivan Oransky a voulu connaître le processus par lequel un article reçoit cette mention.  Voici la réponse de Mme Flanagin

Annette Flanagin: For articles with confirmed research misconduct (eg, fabrication, falsification), we will publish a Notice of Retraction and retract the article. However, several studies have shown that about 20% of retractions are due to some type of major error, not misconduct. And we need a mechanism to address honest pervasive error (ie, unintentional  human or programmatic errors that result in the need to correct numerous data and text in the abstract, text, tables and figures, such as a coding error) without the current stigma that is associated with retraction. Thus, for articles with honest pervasive error, in which the corrections needed to address the errors result in statistically significant changes to the findings, interpretations, or conclusions and for which the methodology/science is still valid, we will consider publication of a Notice of Retraction and Replacement. In such cases, we would also publish a Letter of explanation from the authors.

De plus, pour éviter toute confusion chez les lecteurs, le Réseau JAMA a développé et testé new XML coding and display of the notices and linking on the html and PDF versions of the articles with the intent of making this clear to readers/users of the content. For those interested, we also republish a version of the original retracted article with the errors highlighted and another version of the replacement article with the corrections highlighted as an online supplement to the replaced article. The Lancet journals also published 2 similar Notices of Retraction and Replacement last year.

Ainsi donc, les erreurs de bonne foi seront corrigées mais ne subiront pas d’anathème.  Les auteurs semblent satisfaits de cette solution, ainsi que les éditeurs d’autres revues scientifiques.

Source: Oransky, Ivan.  Retract – and replace? JAMA may expand use of this toolRetraction Watch.  20 juin 2016.

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